Learn more about Traumatic Brain Injury

Monday, March 16, 2020

​Traumatic brain injury can be caused by external mechanical force and various causes like injuries during sports, accidents, physical aggression and other such factors. Basically as defined by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Traumatic Brain Injury or TBI is the disruption in normal functioning of brain and this disruption can be result of any bump or blow, a penetrating head injury or a jolt to the head also.

A brain injury are mild and serious too. A mild traumatic brain injury can cause impact on brain cells which is temporary and person can have issues like headaches, confusion, nausea and problems with memory. But if there is serious TBI then a person can have issues like torn tissues, bruising. There can be some other physical damages to brain also. These kinds of injuries can have serious and long term complications which sometime can lead to death also.

Severe traumatic brain injury recovery can take long time. It can vary person to person, some people can get recovered quickly in few days or weeks and some injuries can take months or years to get recovered.

Types and Levels of Brain Injury-

There are various and major types of injuries related to brain and depend on type and amount of force which impacts the brain. There are different levels of brain injury such as mild, moderated and severe traumatic brain injury.

TBI types are-

• Concussion

• Contusion

• Coup-Contrecoup

• Diffuse Axonal

• Penetration

Concussion is most common type of TBI which can be result of direct blows to head. Other causes can be gunshot wounds, shaking of head in violent manner and some others too.

Another type of injury is Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). Acquired brain injury can have initial difficulties like fatigue, irritability, dizziness and others. This injury is caused after birth and impacts of strokes, tumors, toxins other such factors. ABI can also be caused by alcohol or drugs, few diseases like cancer, AIDS etc.

Brain injuries are better identified with tests like Computerized Tomography (CT) scan which is first performed for suspected traumatic injury and for detailed brain view Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is performed.